Skip to main content

What are the symptoms?

  • Frequent infections
  • Poor weight gain or growth
  • Difficulty breathing or breathlessness
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Tiredness

The precise cause of a PDA is still unknown. However, there are some factors that increase the chance of development of this defect. Prematurely born babies are likely to develop a PDA as their blood vessels are not completely developed at the time of birth. Genetics may also play a role. Moreover, family history of heart problems may influence the probability of the baby developing a PDA. Babies born to mothers who suffered infections such as German measles i.e. Ruebella during their pregnancy can also develop a PDA. A PDA is also twice as common in females than males.

  • Physical examination
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiography
  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Transcatheter device closure