What is Stent?
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  • Stents are tiny, expandable and slotted tubes or mesh tubes made of metal
  • Stents hold your arteries open and restore normal arterial blood circulation to your heart without undergoing the procedure of open-heart surgery
Types of Stents
bare metal stent

  • Bare-metal Stent (BMS): Here the framework of the Stent comes in the direct contact with the arterial wall tissue
  • Drug Eluting Stent (DES): DES is basically bare metal stent covered with potent immunosuppressive agents. Over time it slowly releases a drug to block abnormal cell growth and reduces systemic toxicity
Why Stent is used?
bare metal stent

  • Due to dumping of fatty deposit, lives are hampered by chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, restricted blood flow and acute myocardial infarction
  • Coronary Stenting widens the pathway for the smooth functioning of the arteries and thus increase the life span
What Is Atherosclerosis?
  • Atherosclerosis is the narrowing of the blood vessels; a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries
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  • Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body
What are the causes and risk factors for the development of Plaque and Antherosclerosis & CAD?

Hypertension & Diabetes


Smoking

High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood


Lack of physical activity

Obesity and overweight


Age over 65 years

Gender


Family history of heart disease
What to expect before a Stent procedure

It is not an Open Heart Surgery!
Talk to your doctor about...
  • When to stop eating and drinking before coming to the hospital
  • What medicines you should or shouldn’t take on the day of the procedure
  • When to come to the hospital and where to go
  • If you have diabetes, kidney disease, or other conditions, ask your doctor whether you need to take any extra steps during or after the procedure to avoid complications
  • Before the procedure, your doctor may talk to you about medicines you’ll likely need to take after the stent is placed. These medicines help prevent formation of blood clots in the stent
  • You’ll need to know how long you should take these medicines and why they are important
What is an Angioplasty?
Your Doctor Will

Living with Stents
You may be able to return to the normal routine after about a week. If your work involves excessive physical activity then you will need to wait longer. Check with your doctor before doing any strenuous physical activity


Take your medications


Adopt heart healthy diet

Quit smoking


Suitable exercise

See your doctor regularly

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